Episode 112: Anesthesia for ECT with Christina Miller

In this 112th episode I welcome Dr. Christina Miller to the show to discuss Anesthesia for Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT).


Ding Z, White PF. Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy. Anesth Analg. 2002 May;94(5):1351-64.

Sadowksy, Jonathan. Electroconvulsvie Therapy: A History of Controversy, but Also of Help.  The Conversation. Scientific American.  January 13, 2017.

Wright, M.D., Bruce A. (1990) “An Historical Review of Electroconvulsive Therapy,” Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry: Vol. 8 : Iss. 2 , Article 10.

Nishihara F, Saito S. Pre-ictal bispectral index has a positive correlation with seizure duration during electroconvulsive therapy. Anesth Analg. 2002 May;94(5):1249-52, table of contents.

Gombar S, Aggarwal D, Khanna AK, Gombar KK, Chavan BS. The bispectral electroencephalogram during modified electroconvulsive therapy under propofol anesthesia: relation with seizure duration and awakening. J ECT. 2011 Jun;27(2):114-8.

Sartorius A, Muñoz-Canales EM, Krumm B, Krier A, Andres FJ, Bender HJ, Henn FA. ECT anesthesia: the lighter the better? Pharmacopsychiatry. 2006 Nov;39(6):201-4. 

Sebel PS, Bowdle TA, Ghoneim MM, Rampil IJ, Padilla RE, Gan TJ, Domino KB. The incidence of awareness during anesthesia: a multicenter United States study. Anesth Analg. 2004 Sep;99(3):833-9

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