Episode 180: Keywords part 12 with Gillian Isaac: Local Anesthetics

In this 180th episode I welcome back Dr. Gillian Isaac for another ABA keyword episode. We review local anesthetics.

Random recs:

Genius on the edge: The bizarre double life of Dr. William Stewart Halsted: Link

Killer Angels: Link

The Powder Mage Trilogy: Link

References:

Barash Clinical Anesthesia 8th edition: Chapter on Local Anesthetics

Episode 150: Keywords Part 6: Supraclavicular, Axillary and Benzos

In this 150th episode I welcome back Dr. Gillian Isaac to do another round of ABA keywords. We discuss 2 additional upper extremity blocks (supraclavicular and axillary) and then benzodiazepines.

Episode 119: STOP-IT Trial with Rob Sawyer

In this 119th episode I welcome Dr. Robert Sawyer to the show. Dr. Sawyer was the PI on the STOP-IT trial comparing a short course of antibiotics versus a longer course for complicated intraabdominal infections. We discuss the trial, the outcomes, and what the future of antimicrobial management in the surgical ICU may look like.

Reference:

STOP-IT Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1411162

Episode 109: Non-Opioid Adjuncts with Drs. Grant and Bicket part 2

In this 109th episode we pick up where we left off in episode 108 and discuss the intraoperative use of non-opioid adjuncts.

References:

Wick EC, Grant MC and Wu CL. Postoperative Multimodal Analgesia Pain Management With Nonopioid Analgesics and Techniques A Review. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(7):691-697.

Bahr MP, Williams BA. Esmolol, Antinociception, and Its Potential Opioid-Sparing Role in Routine Anesthesia Care. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 2018:43(8):815-818.

Grant MC, Ouanes JP, Joshi BL. Perioperative Esmolol and Opioids: Is More Really Less? Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 2018:43(8):813-814.

IV Lidocaine: https://academic.oup.com/bjaed/article/16/9/292/1743710

Ketamine: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29870457

Dextramethorphan: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4755866

Episode 108: Non-opioid adjuncts with Drs. Grant and Bicket Part 1

In this 108th episode I welcome Dr. Mike Grant and Dr. Mark Bicket to the show to discuss various non-opioid adjuncts such as esmolol, ketamine, dexmedetomidine, lidocaine, and magnesium, and the role they may play in multimodal anesthesia. In this episode, part 1, we discuss pre and post-op use. Intraop use will be discussed in episode 109.

References:

Wick EC, Grant MC and Wu CL. Postoperative Multimodal Analgesia Pain Management With Nonopioid Analgesics and Techniques A Review. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(7):691-697.

Bahr MP, Williams BA. Esmolol, Antinociception, and Its Potential Opioid-Sparing Role in Routine Anesthesia Care. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 2018:43(8):815-818.

Grant MC, Ouanes JP, Joshi BL. Perioperative Esmolol and Opioids: Is More Really Less? Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 2018:43(8):813-814.

IV Lidocaine: https://academic.oup.com/bjaed/article/16/9/292/1743710

Ketamine: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29870457

Dextramethorphan: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4755866/ R

Episode 77: Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade

In this episode, episode 77, I discuss reversal of neuromuscular blockade.  This is a follow up to episode 66 in which I covered neuromuscular blockade.

Outline by Brian Park: NMB Reversal Outline

References:

Miller’s Anesthesia 8th Edition. Reversal (Antagonism) of Neuromuscular Blockade. Murphy GS, de Boer HD, Eriksson LI and Miller RD. Chapter 35, 995-1027.e5.

Appiah-Ankam J, Hunter J.  Pharmacology of neuromuscular blocking drugs.  Cont Educ Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain.  2004;4(1):2-7.

Hristovska AM, Duch P, Allingstrup M, Afshari A. Efficacy and safety of sugammadex versus neostigmine in reversing neuromuscular blockade in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Aug 14;8:CD012763.

Keating GM. Sugammadex: A Review of Neuromuscular Blockade Reversal. Drugs. 2016 Jul;76(10):1041-52.

McLean DJ, Diaz-Gil D, Farhan HN, Ladha KS, Kurth T, Eikermann M. Dose-dependent Association between Intermediate-acting Neuromuscular-blocking Agents and Postoperative Respiratory Complications. Anesthesiology. 2015 Jun;122(6):1201-13.

Schaller S, Fink H.  Sugammadex as a reversal agent for neuromuscular block: an evidence-based review.  Core Evidence.  2013;8:57-67.

Episode 66: Neuromuscular Blockers

In this episode, episode 66, I go through an overview of neuromuscular blockers including how they work, how to use them, and what their adverse effects are.  Happy New Year!

The dose of glycopyrrolate should be 0.01 to 0.015mg/kg, not 0.1 to 0.15.

Outline by Brian Park: Outline

References:

Miller’s Anesthesia 7th edition: Chapter 29: Pharmacology of Muscle Relaxants and Their Antagonists. Naguib M and Lien C.

Rocuronium vs succinylcholine for rapid sequence induction intubation. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26512948

Neuromuscular blockade: what was, is and will be: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25622380

Reversal of neuromuscular block: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19468024