Episode 121: Difficult Airway Response Team With Lynette Mark

In this 121st episode I welcome Dr. Lynette Mark to the show. Dr. Mark is the founder of our Difficulty Airway Response Team (DART) here at Hopkins and a founding director for the Society of Airway Management. We discuss the origins of the DART program and how to approach a difficult airway.

References:

https://www.criticalcare.theclinics.com/article/S0749-0704(17)30102-1/abstract

Difficult Airway Algorithm and Rescue Cricothyrotomy (DAARC): http://sgschallenge.com/2018daarc/

https://wamm2019.com World Airway Management Meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands, November, 2019. Drs. Mark and Feinleib will be presenting about the DART program.

Dr. Cooper’s article on surgical airway: https://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=2724164

Dr. Mark’s article from A&A and the accompanying editorial:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26086513

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26086503

Episode 119: STOP-IT Trial with Rob Sawyer

In this 119th episode I welcome Dr. Robert Sawyer to the show. Dr. Sawyer was the PI on the STOP-IT trial comparing a short course of antibiotics versus a longer course for complicated intraabdominal infections. We discuss the trial, the outcomes, and what the future of antimicrobial management in the surgical ICU may look like.

Reference:

STOP-IT Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1411162

Episode 115: The Contaminated Airway with Steve Freiberg

In this 115th episode I welcome Dr. Steven Freiberg back to the show to discuss management of the contaminated airway.

References:

Han, S; Fisher, J. Airway Management During Persistent Flooding Of the Oropharyngeal Airway.  Anesthesiology News. 2016. March.

Joshi, R; Hypes, C; et al.  Difficult Airway Characteristics Associated with First-Attempt Failure at Intubation Using Video Laryngoscopy in the Intensive Care Unit.  Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Mar;14(3):368-375

Stockton, E.; Lockey, D; et. al.  Contamination of the airway in pre-hospital trauma patients. European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2008. May; 25:188

Uday, J; McCunn, M; et al. Management of the Traumatized Airway.  Anesthesiology. 2016, Vol.124, 199-206

Episode 111: Tracheostomies, Cricothyrotomies and ENT surgery with Dr. Zandy Hillel

In this 111th episode I welcome Dr. Zandy Hillel to the show. Dr. Hillel is an otolaryngologist here at Johns Hopkins and we discuss tracheostomies, Cricothyrotomies, laryngeal surgery and difficult airways.

References:

Crichothyrotomies:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30054081

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30726035

Difficult Airway Response Teams:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26086513

Episode 106: Hydroxyethyl Starches with Marius Fassbinder

In this 106th episode I welcome Dr. Marius Fassbinder to the show to discuss the use of hydroxyethyl starches.

References:

1. Woodcock, T. E. & Woodcock, T. M. Revised Starling equation and the glycocalyx model of transvascular fluid exchange: an

improved paradigm for prescribing intravenous fluid therapy. British Journal of Anaesthesia 108, 384–394 (2012).

2. Westphal, M. et al. Hydroxyethyl starches: different products–different effects. Anesthesiology 111, 187–202 (2009).

3. Brunkhorst, F. M. et al. Intensive insulin therapy and pentastarch resuscitation in severe sepsis. N. Engl. J. Med. 358, 125–139

(2008).

4. Perner, A. et al. Hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0.42 versus Ringer’s Acetate in Severe Sepsis. N. Engl. J. Med. 367, 124–134 (2012).

6. Myburgh, J. A. et al. Hydroxyethyl Starch or Saline for Fluid Resuscitation in Intensive Care. N. Engl. J. Med. 367, 1901–1911

(2012).

7. Annane, D. et al. Effects of fluid resuscitation with colloids vs crystalloids on mortality in critically ill patients presenting with

hypovolemic shock: the CRISTAL randomized trial. JAMA 310, 1809–1817 (2013).

8. Joosten, A. et al. Crystalloid versus Colloid for Intraoperative Goal-directed Fluid Therapy Using a Closed-loop System: A

Randomized, Double-blinded, Controlled Trial in Major Abdominal Surgery. Anesthesiology 128, 55–66 (2018).

9. Gillies, M. A. et al. Incidence of postoperative death and acute kidney injury associated with 6% hydroxyethyl starch use: systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Anaesthesia 112, 25–34 (2014).

Episode 104: Sepsis with Pam Lipsett

In this 104th episode I welcome Dr. Pam Lipsett to the show to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of sepsis.

References:

Sepsis-3 guidelines from JAMA: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2492881

Marik Sepsis cocktail: Marik PE et al. Hydrocortisone, Vitamin C, and Thiamine for the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock. 2017: 151(6);1229–1238.

ADRENAL trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1705835

APROCCHSS Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1705716

SEPSISPAM Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1312173

Episode 94: Organ Donation with Clint Burns

In this episode, episode 94, I welcome Clint Burns to the show.  Clint received a liver transplant in 1994, then went on to go to nursing school, have 4 children, be an ICU nurse, and he now runs the organ and tissue donation program here at Johns Hopkins.  We discuss his story, the process of organ donation, and how providers can help make this process a gift for both donor and recipient.

Episode 93: CABG with Tom Metkus

In the episode, episode 93, I welcome Dr. Tom Metkus back to the show to discuss perioperative considerations for CABG surgery.

References:

Syntax Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0804626

STICH Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1100356

ROOBY Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0902905

CORONARY Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1200388

PREVENT IV Trial: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16287955

ART Trial: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1610021

Episode 92: Early Mobility in the PICU with Sapna Kudchadkar

In this episode, episode 92, I welcome Dr. Sapna Kudchadkar to the show to discuss her PICU Up program for early mobility in the PICU.  We discuss the benefits of early mobility in general and specifically with pediatric patients, how she started her program, and what has led it to be so successful.

Dr. Kudchadkar can be reached on Twitter at @SapnaKMD and the PICU Up program is at @PICU_Up.

References: Early Mobility References