Episode 125: Abusive Head Trauma with Erik Smith

In this 125th episode I welcome Dr. Erik Smith to the show to discuss Abusive Head Trauma (formerly known as shaken baby syndrome). We discuss how victims present, what to look out for, how to manage their anesthesia, how to report, and how it can impact providers.

References:

Christian, C. W., Block, R., Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, & American Academy of Pediatrics. (2009). Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and Children. PEDIATRICS123(5), 1409–1411. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-0408

Gazoni, F. M., Amato, P. E., Malik, Z. M., & Durieux, M. E. (2012). The Impact of Perioperative Catastrophes on Anesthesiologists. Anesthesia & Analgesia114(3), 596–603. https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0b013e318227524e

Kochanek, P. M., Tasker, R. C., Carney, N., Totten, A. M., Adelson, P. D., Selden, N. R., … Wainwright, M. S. (2019). Guidelines for the Management of Pediatric Severe Traumatic Brain Injury, Third Edition. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine20, S1–S82. https://doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000001735

Lee, J. K., Brady, K. M., & Deutsch, N. (2016). The Anesthesiologist’s Role in Treating Abusive Head Trauma. Anesthesia & Analgesia122(6), 1971–1982. https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000001298

Smith, E. B., Lee, J. K., Vavilala, M. S., & Lee, S. A. (2019). Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury and Associated Topics: An Overview of Abusive Head Trauma, Nonaccidental Trauma, and Sports Concussions. Anesthesiology Clinics37(1), 119–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ANCLIN.2018.10.002

Vavilala, M. S., Lee, L. A., & Lam, A. M. (2003). The lower limit of cerebral autoregulation in children during sevoflurane anesthesia. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology15(4), 307–312. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14508171

Episode 116: Overview of Pediatric Anesthesia with Bommy Mershon

In this 116th episode I welcome Dr. Bommy Mershon to the show. We discuss pediatric anesthesiology including how kids differ from adults, pre-op meds, IV vs. inhaled inductions, parental presence, choosing a tube, when to put on monitors, how to do an inhaled induction, controversies around succinylcholine, weight-based dosing, deep extubation, laryngospasm, emergency delirium, regional anesthesia and pressers. Please note the original release referred to intranasal dexmedetomidine dosing as mg/kg instead of mcg/kg. The correct units are mcg/kg and the audio has now been updated to reflect that.

We also launch our ACCRAC theme music composed by Dr. Dennis Kuo! Check out his website at studymusicproject.com

References:

  1. Cote and Lerman’s A Practice of Anesthesia for Infants and Children. Fifth Edition.
  2. Kain, Zeev. 2013 ASA Anesthesiology 2013 Refresher Course: Preoperative Evaluation, Premedication, and Induction of Anesthesia in Infants and Children https://www.apsf.org/article/in-my-opinion-a-debate-is-succinylcholine-safe-for-children/
  3. McAuliffe G1, Bissonnette B, Boutin C. Should the routine use of atropine before succinylcholine in children be reconsidered? Can J Anaesth. 1995 Aug;42(8):724-9.
  4. Patel, Davantral. Epidural anesthesia for children. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain. 2006 April;6(2):63-66. https://academic.oup.com/bjaed/article/6/2/63/305090
  5. McCann ME, et al. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 5 years of age after general anaesthesia or awake-regional anaesthesia in infancy (GAS): an international, muticentre, randomised, controlled equivalence trial. Lancet. 2019 Feb;393(10172):664-677 https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)32485-1/fulltext
  6. Andrew J. Davidson, M.B.B.S., M.D., F.A.N.Z.C.A.; Lena S. Sun, M.D., F.A.A.P., D.A.B.A.. Clinical Evidence for Any Effect of Anesthesia on the Developing Brain Anesthesiology 2018 April; 128(4):840-853. http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=2664912&resultClick=1

Episode 96: Peds difficult airway with Nick Dalesio

In this episode, episode 96, I welcome Dr. Nick Dalesio to the show.  Dr. Dalesio is the director of the pediatric difficult airway program here at Johns Hopkins.  We discuss the pediatric difficult airway response team, consult service, and how to anticipate and manage difficult airways in kids, both anticipated and unanticipated.

Reference:

Planning Prevents Poor Performance: An Approach to Pediatric Airway Management

 

Episode 92: Early Mobility in the PICU with Sapna Kudchadkar

In this episode, episode 92, I welcome Dr. Sapna Kudchadkar to the show to discuss her PICU Up program for early mobility in the PICU.  We discuss the benefits of early mobility in general and specifically with pediatric patients, how she started her program, and what has led it to be so successful.

Dr. Kudchadkar can be reached on Twitter at @SapnaKMD and the PICU Up program is at @PICU_Up.

References: Early Mobility References

Episode 79: Pediatric Cardiothoracic Anesthesia with Dheeraj Goswami

In this episode, episode 79, I welcome Dr. Dheeraj Goswami to the show to discuss pediatric cardiothoracic anesthesiology.  We discuss the training required to do these cases, the most common cases and concerns, and how it differs from other forms of anesthesia.

Episode 36: Pediatric respiratory anatomy and physiology with Dr. Schwengel

In this episode, episode 36, I welcome Dr. Deb Schwengel, one of our pediatric anesthesiologists and our residency program director, to the show to discuss the differences in anatomy and physiology in pediatric versus adult patients.