In this 164th episode I welcome back Dr. Gillian Isaac to do another ABA keywords episode. We discuss fentanyl and breathing systems (Mapleson and Circle systems).
Great info from Aaron Sandock:
The toxicity was reported in rats and research was published in the early-mid 90’s.
Gonsowski, C., Laster, M., Eger, E., Ferrell, L. and Kerschmann, R. Toxicity of Compound A in Rats: Effect of a 3-Hour Administration
It is actually the case that follow up studies were done in the US on volunteer patients through University of Arizona and Medical College of Wisconsin in the later 1990’s.Ebert, T., Frink, E. and Kharasch, E. Absence of Biochemical Evidence for Renal and Hepatic Dysfunction after 8 Hours of 1.25 Minimum Alveolar Concentration Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Volunteers. Anesthesiology. 1998;88(3):601-610.
Kharasch, E. and Jubert, C. Compound A Uptake and Metabolism to Mercapturic Acids and 3,3,3-Trifluoro-2-fluoromethoxypropanoic Acid during Low-flow Sevoflurane Anesthesia.
The key point of the final article concludes that humans are nearly devoid of renal beta lyase, the key enzyme in directing biodegradation of compound A to the toxic renal thiol. Essentially, this research was done in the late 90’s but the original possibility of renal toxicity in humans from just a few years prior has stuck in peoples’ minds (and therefore textbooks).
More recent studies agree:
Med Gas Res. 2017 Oct 17;7(3):186-193.
Gillian’s random recommendation: Born a Crime by Trevor Noah
Circle C Farm: https://www.circlecfarmfl.com