Anesthesia and Critical Care Reviews and Commentary (ACCRAC) Podcast
Episode 172: A Pregnant Patient with Congenital Heart Disease
In this 172nd episode I welcome a panel of experts to discuss the management of a pregnant patient with congenital heart disease. Drs. Hofkamp, Vaught and Meng join me to discuss the preoperative evaluation, obstetric management, and postoperative care.
During our discussion of treatment of eclamptic seizures Dr. Henao said benzos were first line treatment. This is assuming the patient is already getting magnesium. For test questions, the answer for first line treatment should be Mg. In reality, patients will likely get both at the same time.
Serum Mg concentrations can be reported as mmol/L, meq/L or mg/dL. The important ranges to know for testing (though in reality different people may get symptoms at different times) are a therapeutic range of 2-3.5 mmol/L or 4-7 mEq/L or 5-9 mg/dL; A loss of patellar reflexes at >3.5, >7, >9; Respiratory paralysis at >5, >10, >12 and cardiac arrest at >12.5, >25, >30. EKG changes including prolonged PR and widened QRS happen in much the same range as loss of patellar reflexes, maybe a bit before but there is a lot of overlap.
Hofmeyr R, Matjila M, Dyer R. Preeclampsia in 2017: Obstetric and Anaesthesia Management. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2017 Mar;31(1):125-138.
Dhariwal NK, Lynde GC. Update in the Management of Patients with Preeclampsia. Anesthesiol Clin. 2017 Mar;35(1):95-106.
Aya AG, Mangin R, Vialles N, Ferrer JM, Robert C, Ripart J, de La Coussaye JE. Patients with severe preeclampsia experience less hypotension during spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery than healthy parturients: a prospective cohort comparison. Anesth Analg. 2003 Sep;97(3):867-72.
Roberge S, Nicolaides K, Demers S, Hyett J, Chaillet N, Bujold E. The role of aspirin dose on the prevention of preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Feb;216(2):110-120.
David Chestnut Cynthia Wong Lawrence Tsen Warwick D Ngan Kee Yaakov BeilinJill Mhyre Brian T. Bateman Naveen Nathan. Chestnut’s Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice. 5th edition. Chapter 36: Hypertensive Disorders. Pg 825-859
Killers of the Flower Moon (Dr. Henao’s random recommendation): https://www.amazon.com/Killers-Flower-Moon-Osage-Murders/dp/0385534248
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